Make Way for Data Centers: Demolitions Highlight New Real Estate Calculus

May 24, 2023
The growth of the Internet economy is making data centers the most valuable development option in technology corridors, as seen in Amazon's plan to demolish nine office buildings in Northern Virginia to make way for new data centers.

This week's news that Amazon Web Services is demolishing nine buildings in Loudoun County to create a new cloud campus reflects the shifting economics of the digital economy. As more business moves online, the Internet will need more real estate.

And because data centers are a latency-sensitive business, proximity matters. This has begun changing the real estate math in leading technology corridors.

We first wrote about this phenomenon in DCF's "8 Trends" Forecast for 2020:

"As data tonnage reinforces the importance of proximity, we’ll see more 'knock-down' expansion projects, as developers buy adjacent properties and demolish existing buildings to create new data center campuses. In major cloud corridors, economics will make data centers the most valuable use for real estate."

Amazon's Plans in Sterling

That can clearly be seen in Amazon's plans to create more cloud capacity in Sterling, which is just east of Data Center Alley in Ashburn. AWS plans to demolish 9 buildings on Nokes Boulevard, Manekin Plaza and Ridgetop Circle in Sterling and replace them with four purpose -built data centers providing more than 900,000 square feet of data center space. The news was initially reported by the Washington Business Journal

The project will expand a growing cloud cluster surrounding the Dulles Town Center mall, which includes multiple data centers for CyrusOne, EdgeCore Digital Infrastructure and Cyxtera Technologies.

"AWS data centers bring job creation, investment, and educational programs that are benefitting communities across the United States," said an AWS spokesperson. "Since 2006, AWS has invested more than $35 billion in Virginia, and has supported thousands of highly skilled jobs and helped grow the GDP of the Commonwealth by billions of dollars in that time. We are proud of the ways we benefit our communities and look forward to helping the continued growth in Sterling."

The demolitions in Sterling are the latest examples of a trend that has its genesis in Santa Clara, where data center developers have for many years purchased properties with existing buildings and then knocked them down to create a data center campus. It's a strategy driven by the lack of vacant land in Santa Clara, which historically has offered competitive power pricing from the municipal utility, Silicon Valley Power. That’s why there’s 35 data centers are located in an 18-square mile municipality.  

It's an expensive strategy, as parcels with existing buildings in Santa Clara have sold for $7 million an acre or more. Those deals reflect the extraordinary value of data center real estate, which has had a transformative impact on real estate in Northern Virginia in recent years.

Shifting Real Estate Values

Demand for cloud capacity in Northern Virginia has pushed land values for data center parcels past $3 million an acre, up from about $500,00 as recently as 2017.

“Loudoun land is the most sought-after asset for this industry,” said Buddy Rizer, the Executive Director of Economic Development for Loudoun County.

There are a number of examples of projects in the Ashburn market where developers are demolishing existing buildings to create new data centers. The most high-profile one is the former AOL headquarters complex in Ashburn, which is being knocked down to make way for a data center campus for PowerHouse Data Centers, which is expected to be completed in late 2025. 

Then there's Data Center Alley itself, where several sites around the Equinix campus in Ashburn feature projects where a building has been demolished to clear the path for a new data center:

The trend has also popped up in Los Angeles, where Digital Realty has filed plans to demolish an existing parking garage to make way for a 13-spory data center. 

The flip side of these projects is that they come with a longer timeline, as developers must factor in the time and approvals needed to demolish the existing site. That's why knock-down developments tend to be part of the long-term planning process.

About the Author

Rich Miller

I write about the places where the Internet lives, telling the story of data centers and the people who build them. I founded Data Center Knowledge, the data center industry's leading news site. Now I'm exploring the future of cloud computing at Data Center Frontier.

Sponsored Recommendations

Get Utility Project Solutions

Lightweight, durable fiberglass conduit provides engineering benefits, performance and drives savings for successful utility project outcomes.

Guide to Environmental Sustainability Metrics for Data Centers

Unlock the power of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) reporting in the data center industry with our comprehensive guide, proposing 28 key metrics across five categories...

The AI Disruption: Challenges and Guidance for Data Center Design

From large training clusters to small edge inference servers, AI is becoming a larger percentage of data center workloads. Learn more.

A better approach to boost data center capacity – Supply capacity agreements

Explore a transformative approach to data center capacity planning with insights on supply capacity agreements, addressing the impact of COVID-19, the AI race, and the evolving...

Courtesy of CoolIT Systems

Considerations for Selecting a Row-Based CDU for your Data Center

Ian Reynolds, Senior Project Engineer with CoolIT Systems, outlines the factors you need to consider when selecting the best CDU for your data center's needs.

White Papers

Get the full report

Decarbonized Resilience

Nov. 14, 2021
A new white paper from Enchanted Rock explores four alternatives to diesel backups to see which offer both resiliency and an economical way to meet climate goals.