Cooling is one of the primary purposes of data centers. Data center cooling has been the focus of extraordinary progress, as innovations and the application of best practices have brought dramatic gains in energy efficiency. Chief among these improvements has been the use of free cooling, most notably air-side economization. Other techniques gaining traction include water-side economization, direct and indirect evaporative cooling.
At Data Center Frontier, we're also tracking innovations in liquid cooling to handle high-density workloads in high performance computing (HPC) and supercomputing. These include the use of warm water cooling, immersion cooling, phase change cooling technologies. Liquid cooling has been adopted at the row, rack and chip in different implementations.